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食用的葡萄糖和医用的葡萄糖的区别在哪?
来源:http://www.sspp8.com 日期:2019-07-26 发布人:admin
食用葡萄糖特性点:
Characteristics of edible glucose:
无色或白色结晶粉末,无臭,甜度约为蔗糖的70%。相对密度1.544(25℃),溶点146℃(分解)。溶于水,稍溶于乙醇,不溶于乙醚和芳香烃。大水溶液中结晶时,带有分子结晶水,熔点83℃,具有还原性和右旋光性。
Colorless or white crystalline powder, odorless, sweet about 70% of sucrose. The relative density was 1.544 (25 C) and the dissolution point was 146 C (decomposition). Soluble in water, slightly soluble in ethanol, insoluble in ether and aromatic hydrocarbons. When crystallizing in large aqueous solution, it has molecular crystalline water with melting point of 83 C. It has reducibility and dextrorotatory property.
用途:医药用于营养剂、兼有强心、利尿、解毒等作用。也可用作制备搞坏血酸,葡萄糖醛酸、葡萄糖酸钙等的原料。食品工业中用制糖浆,糖果等。印染工业和制革业用作还原剂。
Uses: Pharmaceuticals are used as nutrients, cardiac tonic, diuretic, detoxification and other functions. It can also be used to prepare ascorbic acid, glucuronic acid, calcium gluconate and other raw materials. Syrup, candy and so on are used in food industry. Printing and dyeing industry and leather industry are used as reducing agents.
医药葡萄糖特点:
Medical glucose characteristics:
1.葡萄糖在医学上主要用作注射用营养剂(葡萄糖注射液)。
1. Glucose is mainly used as nutrient for injection (glucose injection) in medicine.
2.药理作用:能补充体内水分和糖分,具有补充体液、供给能量、补充血糖、强心利尿、解毒等作用。
2. Pharmacological effects: It can supplement water and sugar in the body, and has the functions of replenishing body fluids, supplying energy, replenishing blood sugar, strengthening heart and diuresis, detoxifying and so on.
3.适应症:其5%溶液为等渗液,用于各种急性中毒,以促进毒物排泄;10%~50%为高溶液,用于低血糖症、营养不良,或用于心力衰竭、脑水肿、肺水肿等的治疗。
3. Indications: Its 5% solution is isotonic fluid, used for acute poisoning to promote the excretion of poisons; 10%~50% is high solution, used for hypoglycemia, malnutrition, or for the treatment of heart failure, brain edema, pulmonary edema, etc.
无水葡萄糖
4.葡萄糖作为非处方药主要用于:⑴配制口服补盐液以调节体液,用于出汗、呕吐、腹泻引起的体液丢失。⑵口服给药用于身体虚弱、营养不良等以补充营养,或用于血糖过低者。
4. Glucose as an over-the-counter drug is mainly used for: (1) Oral saline supplement is formulated to regulate body fluids for loss of body fluids caused by sweating, vomiting and diarrhea. (2) Oral administration is used to supplement nutrition for weakness, malnutrition, etc. or for people with hypoglycemia.
二、功能主治:
2. Functional Governance:
1.补充热能和体液,用于各种原因引起的进食不足或大量体液丢失(如呕吐、腹泻、重伤大失血等),全静脉营养,饥饿性酮症。
1. Supplementation of heat and body fluids for inadequate food intake or loss of body fluids caused by various causes (such as vomiting, diarrhea, severe injury, massive blood loss, etc.), total intravenous nutrition, hunger ketosis.
2.低血糖症。
2. Hypoglycemia.
3.高钾血症。与胰岛素合用,可促进钾转移入细胞内。
3. Hyperkalemia. When combined with insulin, potassium can be transferred into cells.
4.高渗溶液用作组织脱水剂,可用于脑水肿、肺水肿及降低眼内压,常与甘露醇等脱水药联合应用。
4. Hypertonic solution can be used as tissue dehydrant for brain edema, pulmonary edema and intraocular pressure reduction. It is often used in combination with mannitol and other dehydrants.
5.配制腹膜透析液。
5. Preparing peritoneal dialysate.
三、不良反应:
3. Adverse reactions:
1.胃肠道反应,如恶心、呕吐等,见于口服浓度过高过快时。
1. Gastrointestinal reactions, such as nausea and vomiting, occur when the oral concentration is too high or too fast.
2.反应性低血糖。
2. Reactive hypoglycemia.
有了无水葡萄糖上面的小总结,希望对广大客户有所帮助,如果有什么不理解的或者寻求帮助的请点击我们的网站:http://www.sspp8.com或者来电咨询,我们会尽全力为您解决
With the summary above anhydrous glucose, I hope it will be helpful to our customers. If you don't understand or ask for help, please click on our website: http://www.sspp8.com or call for consultation. We will try our best to solve it for you.

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